This is how to use the OpenType feature and access the special characters! It was built on its predecessor TrueType, retaining TrueType’s basic structure and adding many intricate data structures for prescribing typographic behavior. OpenType is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Access Opentype Feature
Using Opentype Feature in AI/PS
For Adobe Illustrator, you can use the OpenType panel (Window > Type > OpenType) to specify how you want to apply alternate characters in OpenType fonts. For example, you can specify that you want to use standard ligatures in the new or existing text.
A. Standard Ligatures
B. Contextual Alternates
C. Discretionary Ligatures
E. Stylistic Alternates
F. Titling Alternates
I. Stylistic Sets
J. Panel Menu
K. Figure Type
L. Character Position
For Adobe Photoshop, you can use the Character Panel (Type > Panel > Character Panel).
Keep in mind that OpenType fonts vary greatly in the kinds of features they offer; not all options in the OpenType panel are available in every font. You can view the characters in a font using the Glyphs panel.
How to Access Alternates/Special Characters in AI/PS
Typefaces include many characters in addition to the ones you see on your keyboard. Depending on the font, these characters can include ligatures, fractions, swashes, ornaments, ordinals, titling and stylistic alternates, superior and inferior characters, old‑style figures, and lining figures. A glyph is a specific form of a character. For example, in certain fonts, the capital letter A is available in several forms, such as swash and small-cap.
There are three ways to insert alternate glyphs:
- The Selection in-context menu lets you view and insert glyphs available for a selected character. When you’re working on a type object, you can select a character to quickly view alternate glyphs right next to it in the in-context menu. Simply click the alternate glyph to replace the character with it.
- The Glyphs panel lets you view and insert glyphs from any typeface. You use the Glyphs panel (Window > Type > Glyphs) to view the glyphs in a font and insert specific glyphs in your document.
A. Show Menu
B. Font Family
C. Font Style
D. Zoom Buttons
- The OpenType panel lets you set up rules for using glyphs. For example, you can specify that you want to use ligatures, titling characters, and fractions in a given text block. Using the OpenType panel is easier than inserting glyphs one at a time and ensures a more consistent result. However, the panel works only with OpenType fonts.
How to Access Alternate in any software using PUA Encoded Fonts
PUA stands for “Private Use Areas”. When a font is PUA encoded it means that you can access all special characters such as the flourishes and swirly lines through Windows and Mac and that you can load them into applications. Windows Character Map and Mac Font Book are the most standard ways of accessing PUA-encoded characters.
You can read how to access PUA Encoded Fonts step by step in this link.
Using Opentype Feature in Any Software
You can also access OpenType features in any software. You can read about it on the website at this link.